There is Advice about sunscreen and sun safety for adults and children in the UK and abroad.
Sunburn increases your risk of skin cancer. Sunburn does not just happen on holiday. When it’s cloudy, you can even burn in the UK
There’s no safety, protection, or healthy way to get a tan. A tan does not protect your skin from the sun’s adverse effects.
There should be an aim to strike a balance between protecting yourself from the sun and getting enough vitamin D from sunlight.
Sun safety tips
Spend some time in the shade when the sun is strongest. In the UK, this is between 11 am and 3 pm from March to October.
Between 11 am and 3 pm, make sure spend time under the shade.
make sure you never burn
cover up with suitable clothing and sunglasses
take extra care with children
use at least factor 30 sunscreen
What factor sunscreen (SPF) should I use?
Do not depend on sunscreen alone to protect yourself from the sun. Wear suitable clothing and spend time under the shade when the sun’s at its peak.
When buying sunscreen, the label should have:
a sun protection factor should be at least 30 to protect against UVB
at least 4-star UVA protection
UVA protection can also be indicated by the letters “UVA” in a circle, which shows that it meets the EU standard.
Make sure the sunscreen is not cross its expiry date. Most sunscreens have a shelf life of 2 to 3 years.
Do not spend longer time in the sun than you would without sunscreen.
What are the SPF and star rating?
Measuring the amount of ultraviolet B radiation (UVB) protection is known as sun protection factor
SPFs are rated on a scale of 2 to 50+ based on the level of protection they offer, with 50+ offering the strongest form of UVB protection.
The star rating calculates the amount of ultraviolet A radiation (UVA) protection. A higher star rating shows its better quality.
“UVA” shows inside a circle is a European marking. UVA protection is of one-third of the SPF value and meets EU recommendations.
Sunscreens that offer both UVA and UVB protection are known as broad-spectrum.
How to apply sunscreen
Most people do not apply enough sunscreen.
Adults should have the objective to apply around:
2 teaspoons of sunscreen apply if you’re just covering your head, arms, and neck
2 tablespoons if you’re covering your whole body while wearing a swimming costume
If sunscreen is applied too thinly, the amount of safety is reduced.
Sunscreen can be used with higher SPF.
If you plan to be out in the sun long enough to risk burning, sunscreen needs to be applied two times:
30 minutes before going out
just before going out
Sunscreen needs to be applied again according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
This includes applying it straight after you have been in the water, even if it saves from water, and after towel drying, sweating, or when it may have removed off.
It’s also suggested to reapply sunscreen every 2 hours, as the sun can dry it off your skin.
Swimming and sunscreen
Use a water-resistant sunscreen if it’s likely you’ll sweat or have contact with water.
Sunscreen should be applied again straight after you have been in water, even if it’s “water-resistant”, and after towel drying, sweating, or when it may have rubbed off.
Children and sun protection
To make sure they get enough vitamin D, all children under 5 are advised to take vitamin D supplements.
Protect your eyes in the sun
Without having proper eye protection can cause a temporary but painful burn to the surface of the eye, similar to sunburn.
Reflected sunlight from snow, sand, concrete and water, and artificial light from sunbeds, is highly dangerous.
Don’t look directly at the sun, as this can cause permanent eye damage.
Clothing and sunglasses
Wear clothes and sunglasses that provide safety from sun-like:
a wide-brimmed hat that shades the face, neck, and ears
a long-sleeved top
trousers or long skirts in close-weave fabrics that do not permit sunlight through
sunglasses with wraparound lenses or wide arms with the CE Mark and British Standard Mark 12312-1:2013 E