One of the most common health problems in the world today is vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that’s stored in the liver and fatty tissues. Is one of the most important vitamins since it actually becomes a hormone in the body? Vitamin D, also known as the sunshine vitamin. Our body converts sunshine rays that reach hit the skin into vitamin D3.there are many reasons deficiency can occur. For instance, darker skin color and the use of sunscreen reduce the body’s ability to absorb the ultraviolet radiation B (UVB) rays from the sun needed to produce vitamin D.A sunscreen with sun protection factor (SPF) 30 can reduce the body’s ability to synthesize the vitamin by 95 percent. To start vitamin D production, the skin has to be directly exposed to sunlight, not covered by clothing.
Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency may include:
Getting sick or infected more often, Fatigue, Painful bones and back, depressed mood Impaired wound healing, Hair loss. Muscle pain. If Vitamin D deficiency continues for long periods of time it can result in:
Obesity, diabetes, hypertension, depression, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue osteoporosis Neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease
Vitamin D deficiency may also contribute to the development of certain cancers, especially breast, prostate, and colon cancers. Vitamin D deficiency can lead to a loss of bone density, which can contribute to osteoporosis and fractures. Severe vitamin D deficiency can also lead to other diseases. In children, it can cause rickets. In adult it can cause Osteomalacia.If you have low levels of vitamin D then your body won’t be able to process the calcium that your body needs to stay strong. Vitamin D also helps in maintaining the calcium and phosphate levels in the body.
Vitamin D deficiency is often associated with rickets, a disease that causes the softening of bones in children usually resulting in fractures and deformities. This is due to the fact that vitamin D plays a key role in calcium absorption and the building of strong, healthy bones. Children of 6 months to two years of age are more prone to this disease. It is recommended that such children are exposed to U VB rays.
Rickets symptoms include. Bowed legs, bone pain, dental problems, a widening of wrists and frequent bone fractures.
Osteomalacia refers to a marked softening of your bones, most often caused by severe vitamin D deficiency.
Signs and symptoms can include.
Diffuse body pains, Muscle weakness, and fragility of the bones. Fortunately, getting enough vitamin D through oral supplements for several weeks to months can cure osteomalacia.
Doctors and scientists generally believe you need to get enough calcium and vitamin D throughout life to develop healthy bones and reduce your risk of developing osteoporosis. Vitamin D helps your intestines absorb calcium from the food you eat.
Food contain vitamin D
Fatty fish, like tuna, mackerel, and salmon. Foods fortified with vitamin D, like some dairy products, orange juice, soy milk, and cereals, Beef liver, Cheese, Egg yolks.
Vitamin D also reduce the risk of flu, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, depression, diabetes, osteoporosis muscle aches, autoimmune disease.